Tag Archives: great

Ljósufjöll 280810 – Hiking back with great view to Ljósufjöll.

The Hiking Club Toppfarar hiking Ljósufjöll in Snæfellsnes Iceland. Clear skies and sunny with warm and still weather. Total of 33 members hiked three highest peaks in Snæfellsnes, Gráni (1.006m), Bleikur (1.047m) and Miðtindur (1.067m) at a 16,8 km in 8:10 hrs. This was a golden hike with laughter all the way up and down again. In this video we are hiking back through the lava with great view back on Ljósufjöll.
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The great Mount Hekla of Iceland

The great Mount Hekla of Iceland

Article by Bjorn Olav Jonsson

Mount Hekla, an active volcano situated in Iceland is famous all over the world. According to ancient stories narrated by some old men there, it is believed that its crater was the way to hell for the ill-natured souls. The entire range of mount Hekla is around forty kilometers long in stretch and the crack that emits lava and gas is around 6 kilometers wide. The height of this mountain is somewhere around 1491 meters and is still rising.

According to experts, in the last 7000 years, this volcano has five big fissure explosions. It is assumed that eruptions occurred 4000 years back and 2800 years back were the biggest and the worst of them all. Hints of these two eruptions are still visible very clearly in the soils of northern and north-eastern Iceland. It was 2800 years ago that the biggest layer of tephra formed from a single eruption fall. This layer of tephra covered more than 80 percent of the country and its volume was 12 cubic kilometers. This layer of tephra also spread in major part of Scandinavian countries and other parts of Europe as well.

It is said that the last twenty eruptions in mount Hekla occurred after the settlement of Iceland. The first and the biggest were seen in 1104 A.D. there were many eruptions recorded during the era of the great Vikings. In 20th century, mount Hekla has shown its aggression four times and last time in 1991. The last time an eruption was seen was in the year 2000. The effects of the last eruption in 2000 were horrible. Entire country was covered by the ash flown out from the volcano. It became very difficult for people living there as the conditions were very hard. The entire grassland became poisonous by that ash and number of cattle died after eating that grass. As far as Mount Hekla is concerned, all the ice and snow that was gathered on tip in course of time was melted completely creating a flood like situation. Huge amount of pumice was gathered to stop the flow of water.

Despite of all this odds, mount Hekla is very famous among the adventure freaks. People love to hike to the top of this volcano when the weather conditions are complimentary. It takes three or four hours to complete the hiking of 900 meters. On a bright sunny day, view from that mountain is breath-taking and fantastic. Everything connected to hiking is available here and people also tend to bring their own to avoid the problems of time limits. The only condition made by the government is that one has to be in good health to hike this mountain. One should also check the weather forecast before starting their trip. The weather of Iceland can change very quickly so it’s better if you bring your protection gear along with you. There are some directions and signs that show that this mount is on a boil and can erupt any time. Check them before and avoid hiking if they are negative.

Again some old men say that on Easter nights, mount Hekla becomes a place where witches gather and party, so be careful of them if by chance you are near there at Easter time.

About the Author

Bjorn Olav Jonsson is a freelance writer. For further information visit the website, www.icelandguest.com.

Iceland – unique island with a great vision

Iceland – unique island with a great vision

Article by Dagur Jonsson

Iceland is an island just about the size of Kentucky State. This small sized island lies in the northern direction in the Atlantic Ocean just east to Greenland and it also touches the Arctic Circle. The land of Iceland is also famous as it is one of the most aggressive volcanic regions of the world. More than thirteen percent of Iceland’s total land is covered by glaciers or are snowfields. Major part of Iceland’s total population inhibits only in the seven percent part of the island because that seven percent land is considered a very fertile coastland. The gulf stream of Atlantic Ocean keeps the climate of the Iceland milder and temperature very moderate than what is expected in an island around Arctic Circle.

It is believed that the first inhabitants of Iceland were the hermits from Ireland. These hermits vacated this island when pagan Norse people arrived here in ninth century. A constitution was formed in 930 A.D and a democracy and a parliament was formed which is also known as Althing. Now Althing has the honor to be the world’s oldest still running legislative assembly. The history of Iceland is very well preserved in the Icelandic sagas written during 13th century.

In the year 1262, Iceland was occupied by Norwegian rule and was further given to the ultimate control of Denmark through the very famous ‘the kalmar union’ in which kingdoms of Norway, Sweden and Denmark united in 1397. In the year, 1874, Iceland gained their own constitution and then in 1918, Denmark recognized Iceland as a separate country and unlimited sovereignty through the act of union. By this time also, Iceland was partially under the rule of Danish monarchy. During the Second World War when Germany attacked on Denmark first the British troops and then the American troops landed in Iceland and used it as the strategic air base. According to historians, neutral Iceland supported its allies through out the war. On June 17th, 1944, after the official referendum Iceland was declared independent republic and the Althing also proclaimed it as an independent republic.

Iceland joined NATO [North Atlantic Treaty Organization] in 1949 and its maiden American air force base in 1951. In 1971 it was recognized by EFTA [European Free Trade Association]. In the year 1972, Iceland extended its fishing coastline to 200 nautical miles from 3 nautical miles. This was done without the consent of England. For this reason both Iceland and England were trapped in the dispute known as the cold wars. This dispute ended in 1976 with England agreeing to the new fishing borders of Iceland. In the year 1980, Iceland made yet another history, when it became the first country in the world to have a woman president in the office of the presidency. It was the case of the year 1990, when after the recession the economy and the financial condition of Iceland stabilized.

Iceland refused to sign the agreement which stated that moratorium of commercial whaling will continue as it was since 1986. This incident took place in the meeting of the International Whaling Commission in 2001. Finally in 2003, Iceland agreed on the initialization of hunting of whales for researches and experiments.

About the Author

Dagur Jonsson is the editor of Iceland Guest, a website specializing in tourist information for travelers to Iceland. For more information visit www.icelandguest.com