Rune Mysteries Vikings In America 1010AD

Rune Mysteries Vikings In America 1010AD

Article by Ragnar Storyteller

Víkingur

America’s Nordic Heritage

There exists an encyclopedia of Norse anti-facts, locations of Archaeological sites, Historical accounts, maps and testimonials that document the existence of vast Viking Settlements in North American Colonies prior to Columbus.

The elitist Academicians and satirizing editors of the Smithsonian Institute, as well as the bureaucrats at the National Endowment of the Humanities have hidden them from us. The National Geographic is also guilty of false publications regarding the discovery of America.

Where ever the Vikings went, they left the Rune Mysteries. The records of Viking explorations from Iceland and Greenland penetrating far into America is clearly remarkable. The Vikings imported furs, lumber, ivory, oil, wine and fish back to the European markets.

Those Viking Colonies are clearly marked on medieval maps. Vineland, Norvera, Greenland Province, Venteland, Wineland and Suinlandia!. In the 16th Century the land of Vinland extended from the Gulf of the St. Lawrence to Florida. It was known as Norumbega, the “Northern Settlement.”

Norse artifacts extended far into the interior to Minnesota and the Dakotas.

W.R. Anderson, president of the Leif Ericson Society, and editor – in chief of “Vikingship Journal” lives in Evanston, IL. Look him up on the net, to read more about our “Forgotten History.”

Anderson does not own a PHD nor is he recognized as a Historian or an Anthropologist. Just dedication to the perseverance of our Nordic-Viking heritage.

Who were the first Americans and where did they come from? Answers to this question have taken us back to 100,000 B. C.??

But we do know that Eric, The Red, Thornaldson, born in Norway was banished to Iceland. In 982. He discovered Greenland. There were no Jails in Norway or Iceland, Punishment for manslaughter was banishment.

Eric followed in the wake of his cousin, Gunnbjorn Ulfson, who found Islands west of Iceland. Eric sailed further and found a large island and called it Greenland to attract other Vikings.

One of the later Greenlanders, Bjarni Herjulfson was blown off course and saw the American continent. He reported back to Eric.

In 1003, Lief Ericson recalled Bjanni’s tale of land to the west and brought his ship.

Eric did not go because of his superstitious nature. On the way to the ship his horse stumbled throwing Eric to the ground. He viewed it as a ‘Bad Omen’ and stayed home. Leif sailed to what is bow known as Cape Cod on September 1, 1003. The Vikings landed and discovered America.

Lief’s brother arrived in 1005 and explored as far south as Florida. He stopped near Savannah GA. and wanted to establish a colony. But he was killed by Indians by the Savannah River. Where ever the Vikings went, you can find artifacts of Rune Mysteries. More to follow.

About the Author

Ellis Peterson AKA Ragnar Storyteller is a retired math professor and electronics engineer. His writings are unique and refreshing.To see more of his writings visit his websites. http://www.olevikingshop.com/ and http://www.runes-for-health-wealth-love-now.com/and http://www.radionics-quantum-physics.com/ragnarstoryteller2@gmail.comVisit his Blogs:http://ragnar-storyteller.blogspot.com/

Icelandic Skin Care at Your Fingertips

A World of Skin Care at Your Fingertips

Article by Elspeth Waters

Natural? Organic? Antioxidant-rich? Cheap and cheerful? With such a wealth of skin care products on offer and so many factors to consider, country of origin is not usually high up on the list. However, once you start looking, it can become alarmingly addictive. What home-grown cosmetics are Italian Vogue readers salivating over? And what does it really take to be a Grecian Goddess?

ICELAND

The Nordic countries may be short on skin-ageing sun for most of the year, but the extreme cold brings its own problems – namely, dry, lacklustre complexions. Iceland, in particular, has pioneered in the cosmetics field to overcome its citizens’ particular skin ills and thankfully increasing numbers of them are hitting our shores. The illustrious Dr Bragi is a biochemist with a penchant for age-defying marine life and his range includes highly concentrated amounts of his scar-healing and wrinkle squashing patented enzyme formula – ‘penzyme’. Tær Icelandic is a perennial favourite for sensitive souls. Rich in Iceland’s soothing Yarrow and other healing herbs, Tær’s Restore & Replenish and delicate Eye Contour Cream rarely disappoint. Gwyneth Paltrow is a reported fan of Moa The Green Balm, another multi-tasking dry-skin-saver. Legend goes, the founder Thury Gudmundsdóttir used the balm to heal her son’s third-degree burns when doctors had given up hope of any real recovery. The miracle formula is again resplendent in Yarrow, as well as Tea Tree Oil, and the mini version is the perfect size for travel skin emergencies.

USA

With La La Land’s emphasis on anti-ageing, women’s beauty in North America is still a league ahead of us. Alongside stalwarts Avon and Elizabeth Arden, newer brands, such as celeb-favourites Kate Somerville and Sonya Dakar have become household names. Thanks to Oprah’s firm endorsement, Hope in a Jar from Philosophy has elevated the brand’s status and Bliss products are must-haves for anyone who can’t afford the cha-ching price of a facial at the New York spa… and even for those who can. Especially the Triple Oxygen Instant Energizing Mask; Steep Clean is a firm favourite too.

AUSTRALASIA

With such intense sun exposure, wrinkles are a prime concern for Aussies. Up the top end of the scale, Rebecca Körner has continued the family business of anti-ageing dermatology pioneered by her Austro-Hungarian grandmother in the early 1900s. The result is an underground brand that’s been exciting savvy beauty sleuths for a while now. Packed with killer antioxidants, Körner’s Loaded: The Anti-Ager is the cat’s pyjamas of anti-ageing skin products. All-natural Jurlique formulates its range of skin problem-solvers with organic and biodynamic ingredients, including preservatives. Recovery Gel, in particular, has earned cult status among beauty junkies. Animal-cruelty activists might not approve, but Golden Emu Oil has recently been recognised as one of those illusive multi-tasking beauty products that no women, or metrosexual man, should overlook. Packed with essential Omegas 3,6 and 9, it is both anti-ageing and a great stress-relieving, all-over body moisturiser that soothes tired and aching muscles. Demi Moore swears by it. Sun protection is a top priority, of course, and all-natural SPF brand Invisible Zinc is gaining notoriety for its range of clear and tinted moisturisers for face and body. Having a scantily clad Elle Macpherson fronting the campaign presumably hasn’t hindered their success either. A few co-ordinates over, in New Zealand, along with Manuka Honey and Flight of the Conchords, natives are also justly proud of Trilogy. Packed with Vitamins and Essential Fatty Acids, these all-natural skin products smell so good you can almost taste the fresh mountain air infused into every jar.

JAPAN

Given their penchant for perfection (here we’d call it OCD, there it’s just normal), it is little wonder the Japanese love functional beauty products. As well as cute, kitch designs that have infiltrated make up departments all over the country, more luxury Japanese skin care brands are starting to make waves in the West. Cate Blanchett’s flawless visage has firmly put SK-II on the beauty map. Centred around a lesser-known vitamin-rich yeast form – Pitera – SK-II views skin care as a ritual, which is as much about visualising better skin as it is rubbing in any particular anti-ageing ingredients. Its facial treatment masks are particularly well-loved for their brightening and rejuvenating powers. Shiseido has the look and feel of an Eastern Clarins – clean lines but not overly clinical. The men’s range is hugely popular, especially the facial scrubs and moisturisers – uber-masculine in scent and branding, but effective solutions for the wrinkles and tired eyes that men are starting to care about, too. Designed for mature women, Suqqu is one of Japan’s fastest growing cosmetics lines. Already a backstage favourite, leading make up artist Mary Greenwell swears by its Lip Essence Cream for creating tantalizingly photogenic lips.

GREECE

The youthful olive sheen of Mediterranean skin is the holy grail of complexions for many a pale English Rose; but complacent they are not – especially the Greeks, who have recently been storming ahead with beauty promises based upon the symbiosis between science and nature. Greece’s native antioxidant-packed pomegranate is a key component of super brand Korres Natural Products. Korres bases its body, hair and skin products on time-honoured homeopathic herbal combinations. Stocked in practically every pharmekia in the country, the brand signifies natural but decadent cosmetics for all. The body butters in fig and yoghurt are deliciously rich, while the Omega-rich Men’s Borage Cream helps give the perfect close shave. Recent UK favourite Rodial is also big on pomegranate power. Rodial’s founder Maria Hatzistefanis does not appear to have any physiological flaws, but maybe that’s because her range has got all ills covered: Tummy Tuck, Stretch Mark Eraser, Glamtox (the bottled alternative to Botox), each one pretty much does what it says on the tin. Glam Balm has become an on-the-go staple for everything from chapped lips and in-flight dehydration to Eczema and après-ski skin-tightening.

ITALY

Founded in 1221, Officina Profumo-Farmaceutica di Santa Maria Novella is one of the world’s oldest apothecaries and still a fixture in Florence. Renowned for its luxurious fragrances, soaps and candles, SMN’s facial waters and moisturisers add a touch of glamour to night-stands across the country too. Giorgio Armani is mostly synonymous with expertly-designed fashion and fragrances and high-end make up, but his Crema Nera and Skin Minerals ranges have made him a rightful player in the skin care arena – for both sexes – as well. Duty Free outlets have been all over Pupa Milano’s quirky make up compacts for years, but the company is trying to expand its remit with new skin care line Milk Therapy, which is rich in lactic probiotics and other reportedly beneficial skin-renewing nutrients. With their cartoon cow branding, they don’t look very grown up but your teenage nieces might thank you for them. While Borghese may be based in New York, its heart and soul are firmly entrenched in14th Century Tuscany, whose volcanic hills gave rise to the spa tradition of harnessing mineralised water. Borghese is famed for its mineral-rich exfoliating and restorative Fango mud masks. They really do bring the toxins out though so best to indulge a good few days before an important event!

FRANCE

France has long been synonymous with breath-taking beauty and fabulously graceful ageing. Admiringly, the elegant Francaises manage to keep their sculpted visages, while shunning the surgeon’s knife. Rumour has it they rely on facial massage rollers, such as Yuroll, as well as their favourite skin products, of course. Guinot, Yves Rocher, Decleor, Givenchy, Guerlain, Lancome, Sisley… not to mention Chanel and Clarins – the list of high-end Parisian skin care brands is vast and, according to the upper echelons, still vastly superior. While these brands want to appeal to your mother (hence the resistance to updating their ‘classic’ – read: dated – appearances), younger generations have come to rely on them too. No party girl worth her Bellinis would forego Guerlain Issima Midnight Secret, and Clarins Beauty Flash Balm has swiftly become a trusted pick-me up for young, stressed complexions. Cool new kids on the block include Doux Me, which is as mild as it sounds. Founded by the beautiful Caroline Wachsmuth, it’s 100% natural and organic skin care and blends essential oils like Rose and Neroli. Caroline’s signature anti-ageing skin concoction, Crème Caroline, smells like childhood walks in the forest.

UK

Those concerned with air miles and such, fret not… an increasing number of superb brands are springing up here. Sophyto is the only Soil Association-certified organic line that works in harmony with your skin’s specific needs, making it perfect for all ages. The monodose Polyphenol Drops are made from specifically bred Hertfordshire apples, which fight toxic free radicals. REN is another slickly designed brand. The Moroccan Rose Otto Body Wash is heaven-sent, while the Omega 3 Overnight Lipid Renewal Serum is guaranteed to improve any skin type. Sienna Miller has helped put her favourite 200-year old skin salve Butler’s Pommade Divine firmly back on the beauty editors’ radar. Its warming clove smell is gorgeously homely and, apparently, it saved the starlet from stunt-induced bruise hell.

About the Author

Elspeth Waters is the editor of Cult Beauty, a savvy independent online beauty boutique and guide, which cherry picks the best in global cosmetics, backed by consumer trial and expert opinion.

 

 

Is The Icelandic Horse A Pony?

Is The Icelandic Horse A Pony?

Article by Judy Ryder

It has been said that some of the ancestors of the Icelandic Horse were the native breeds of Scotland: Shetland, Highland and Eriskay. During the time that the Vikings took the horses to Iceland, the easy gaits (foxtrot, tolt, rack, running walk, amble, singlefoot, pace, etc.) were common throughout horse breeds in Europe. There is scientific, historical and archeological evidence of the existence of these gaits at that time.

A pony is usually described as being under 14.2 hands. But more than that, there are particular characteristics that define a pony. The Icelandic Horse generally carries these traits.

Several pony breeds also like to be called “horses”, for example the Caspian Horse and the Norwegian Fjord Horse. These two examples accept and use the “pony” word in talking and writing about their equines. Often the words horse and pony are used interchangeable.

It has been said that the reason the Icelandic Horse is NOT a pony is because it is the only equine in Iceland. It has also been said that there is not a word for “pony” in Iceland, therefore it’s called a horse.

No matter the reason, there is no need to be offended by the “pony” word! Ponies have great attributes!

Compared to horses, ponies often exhibit thicker manes, tails and overall coat, as well as proportionally shorter legs, wider barrels, heavy bone, thick necks, and short heads with broad foreheads.

The following pony characteristics apply to all pony breeds, including the Icelandic Horse:

* Typical compact body; round shape, stocky build, wide chest, and well-sprung ribs.

* Shorter legs (shorter cannon bone length).

* Short head and neck; trim ears, large eyes.

* Ample bone as compared to the horse (the denseness makes them weigh more for their size).

* Strong feet; harder, more resilient, better shaped). Rarely need shoes.

* Distinctive coat features to protect from wet/cold weather. Extra tail hairs, and projected brow.

* Thicker winter coat, mane, tail, and forelock.

* Fewer incidences of pneumonia and colic.

* Ability to live outside year round.

* Centuries of living on harsh terrain: durability and self-reliance.

* Agility and jumping abilities.

* Easy keepers.

* Generally live a long time.

* Can transport a greater percentage of their weight.

* Short muscular legs give more strength to pull.

* Endurance to carry adults.

* Carry less weight on their feet compared to horses, which adds to soundness.

* Good surface area of the foot, compared to the bone-to-mass ratio of the body.

* Can be easy to train, willing to work, and levelheaded.

* More self-protective and prudent.

* Can be independent and appear to think thru things.

* Can be curious and cunning, and escape artists.

* Naturals for pasture breeding and running in herds.

* More resistant to diseases, but prone to certain conditions (mostly due to over-eating, i.e. laminitis).

* More prone to upward fixation of the patella.

* More prone to Cushings since they live longer.

* Capture attention with their distinctive conformation, attitudes, and durability.

Ponies for adults are becoming more and more popular due to the number of mature people coming into the horse world. These owners love their ponies!

If someone calls your Icelandic Horse a pony — it’s true, it is!

About the Author

Judy Ryder is a long-time gaited horse owner, student of natural horsemanship, gaited horses and gaits, and of human-horse relationships.

 

 

Iceland, the most unique of all Nordic countries

Iceland, the most unique of all Nordic countries

Article by Dagur Jonsson

The country of Iceland is very different from other countries in its region which is popularly known as “Nordic region” or “Nordic countries”. The reason is Iceland’s entire landscape which is covered by plateaus, volcanoes, geysers and glaciers and most importantly very big uninhabited and unpopulated areas. Iceland has got the world’s biggest count of natural hot geysers and hot springs.

This relatively cooler country of Iceland lies on the extreme North West border of Europe [more towards north and less towards west] between the tundra zone with moorlands without trees and huge pine forest zones. The ancient remains of birch forest are still visible at many places. Bogs and marshes are found in plenty. As little as only 25 percent of total land is covered by green vegetation and out of this only one percent is covered by trees. Only one percent of Iceland contains arable lands and market gardens. The season for cultivation is very small in Iceland. Hence, all agricultural products are more concentrated towards animal farming. The maximum part of arable land is utilized for the cultivation of hay and other foodstuffs.

Not only in Iceland but in whole Nordic region, climate is controlled by two important factors. 1. Their position in that particular area, and2. their proximity to the Atlantic ocean with the gulf stream

The more northern position means that the average temperature will remain very low i.e. around or below zero during the coolest months of winter. It has been recorded in books that Iceland has never recorded the average temperature of more than 19 degrees from 1961 till 1990. In other Nordic countries like Norway and Sweden, there is a bigger difference between the temperature in winters of northern region and southern region as the land stretches from far south to far north.

And because the location if Iceland lies in extreme north, it is far more cool than one can expect, in winters especially. The mean temperature of capital city Reykjavik is five degrees and the temperatures in January and July are -0.4 degrees and 11 degrees respectively. The southern part and south coast of Iceland receives an annual rainfall of 3000 MM and this quantity decreases to around 400 MM in highlands and in north of Vatnajokull.

In whole it can be said that the weather of Iceland is not reliable as it depends mostly on the atmospheric pressure going trans-Atlantic. The passage of this depression from southern Iceland makes weather more dry and cold there. The passage of this depression from north east Iceland and Greenland makes weather mild and dry in that area. The coastal areas of Iceland are windy and gales are very common here in winter season and thunderstorms are not that common.

The southern and western coasts and parts of Iceland are relatively hotter in winter and this is all due to warm waters flowing in gulf streams. July and august are the warmest months of this region and the quality of weather improves as one moves towards north and east. These directions have more chances of clear weather but in interior deserts can show you blizzards and strong winds flowing along with dust and sand. In Iceland there is continuous day for two or three months i.e. early spring and late autumn. During summers the sun never sets especially in June. Tours are organized to the island of grimsey where one can view the most spectacular scene of his life “the midnight sun”. It is always advised to go through weather forecasts before you check in to Iceland because there is no guarantee of it.

About the Author

Dagur Jonsson is the editor of Iceland Guest, a website specializing in tourist information for travelers to Iceland. For more information visit www.icelandguest.com

The great Mount Hekla of Iceland

The great Mount Hekla of Iceland

Article by Bjorn Olav Jonsson

Mount Hekla, an active volcano situated in Iceland is famous all over the world. According to ancient stories narrated by some old men there, it is believed that its crater was the way to hell for the ill-natured souls. The entire range of mount Hekla is around forty kilometers long in stretch and the crack that emits lava and gas is around 6 kilometers wide. The height of this mountain is somewhere around 1491 meters and is still rising.

According to experts, in the last 7000 years, this volcano has five big fissure explosions. It is assumed that eruptions occurred 4000 years back and 2800 years back were the biggest and the worst of them all. Hints of these two eruptions are still visible very clearly in the soils of northern and north-eastern Iceland. It was 2800 years ago that the biggest layer of tephra formed from a single eruption fall. This layer of tephra covered more than 80 percent of the country and its volume was 12 cubic kilometers. This layer of tephra also spread in major part of Scandinavian countries and other parts of Europe as well.

It is said that the last twenty eruptions in mount Hekla occurred after the settlement of Iceland. The first and the biggest were seen in 1104 A.D. there were many eruptions recorded during the era of the great Vikings. In 20th century, mount Hekla has shown its aggression four times and last time in 1991. The last time an eruption was seen was in the year 2000. The effects of the last eruption in 2000 were horrible. Entire country was covered by the ash flown out from the volcano. It became very difficult for people living there as the conditions were very hard. The entire grassland became poisonous by that ash and number of cattle died after eating that grass. As far as Mount Hekla is concerned, all the ice and snow that was gathered on tip in course of time was melted completely creating a flood like situation. Huge amount of pumice was gathered to stop the flow of water.

Despite of all this odds, mount Hekla is very famous among the adventure freaks. People love to hike to the top of this volcano when the weather conditions are complimentary. It takes three or four hours to complete the hiking of 900 meters. On a bright sunny day, view from that mountain is breath-taking and fantastic. Everything connected to hiking is available here and people also tend to bring their own to avoid the problems of time limits. The only condition made by the government is that one has to be in good health to hike this mountain. One should also check the weather forecast before starting their trip. The weather of Iceland can change very quickly so it’s better if you bring your protection gear along with you. There are some directions and signs that show that this mount is on a boil and can erupt any time. Check them before and avoid hiking if they are negative.

Again some old men say that on Easter nights, mount Hekla becomes a place where witches gather and party, so be careful of them if by chance you are near there at Easter time.

About the Author

Bjorn Olav Jonsson is a freelance writer. For further information visit the website, www.icelandguest.com.